Uses

  • A remedy for agalactia and lithiasis.
  • Profuse discharge from mucous surfaces.
  • Enuresis and urticaria.
  • Spleen affections.
  • Antidotes ill-effects of eating shellfish.
  • symptoms return at the same time every year.
  • Gout and uric acid diathesis.
  • Favours elimination.
  • Rheumatism associated with urticaria-like eruptions.
  • Neuritis.

Description

An annual herb, erect, simple or branched, up to 60 cm in height glabrous except for numerous stinging hairs.

Leaves

long Petioled, elliptic to broadly ovate and blunt or rounded in general outline, deeply incisedserrate, the teeth triangular, acute, upper leaves usually larger than the lower.

Stipules

oblong, 1-3 mm long.

Flowers

in oblong cluster usually shorter than the subtending petioles, mostly unbranched, usually shorter Male, and female in the same panicle.


Distribution

Europe, especially U.K, Germany and Austria.


Part used

Whole plant.


Microscopical

Leaf

dorsiventral, epidermis single layered, stomata anomocytic on lower epidermis only, cystolith in upper epidermal cells as crystalline yellowish mass, sometimes as a compact dumble, cystolith bearing epidermal cells extending deep in palisade, 1-2 layered, spongy parenchyma 4-5 cells wide. Mid-rib pronounced abaxially, while slightly depressed adaxially, vascular bundle conjoint and collateral, ground tissue of loose, irregular parenchyma cells; collenchyma absent.

Leaf (powder)

consist of anomocytic stomata. characteristic stinging hairs with a broad multicellular base, numerous simple unicellular trichomes with circular oval base. Crystalline mass of cystolith, stomatal index 16.6 to 20.0 for lower epidermis, spira vessels.

Stem

rectangular, wavy in outline, with a single layered epidermis beset with stinging hairs, epidermal cells with abasial and adaxial thickenings, cortex 3 or 4 cells wide with large irregular tangentially elongated parenchyma cells, bands of thick walled sclerenchymatous wide lumened cells just below the cortex, phloem in a ring. Secondary xylem with deep ridges in the Pith large and consists of vessels, wide sclerenchymatous conjunctive tissue with intraxylary parenchyma at places and air cavities. Primary xylem present. Pith large, with loose, irregular parenchyma cells. Air cavities,aggregates of calcium oxalate crystals. in longitudinal section, consists of oblong, parenchymatous cortical cells in 3 or 4 layers, thick walled, wide lumened sclerenchymacells below the cortex, spiral reticulate vessels, reticulate with bordered pits,abundant conjunctive tissue interpersed with xylem vessels, conjunctive tissue of thick walled lignified fibers and cells, bands of intraxylary parenchyma cells, being oblong and tangential, pith with large oval isodiametric parenchyma cells air cavities, aggregates of calcium oxalate. Powder consists of stinging hairs with pointed ends. Broad base, sieve tubes spiral reticulate vessels with bordered pits,abundant conjunctive tissue of sclerenchyma cells being thin walled, notched at one end and taper at other end, oval, rectangular parenchyma cells long thick walled tapering narrow lumened sclerechyma fibers.

Root

epidermis 2 layered, cort4 or 5 layered of oblong irregular parenchyma cells, phloem 4-5 layered xylem, a wide cylinder containing vessels abundant lignified conjunctive tissue and bands of intraxillary parenchyma, scattered aggregate of calcium oxalate crystals in xylem powder; consists of abundant large oval parenchyma cells. Thick walled narrow lumened fibers with tapered ends. Thin walled sclerechyma fibers with simple, reticulate pits from conjunctive tissue, simple pit fibers with tailing ends, vessels, scleriform and reticulate.>


Mentioned In

  1. Introduced by Fiard in 1936 and proved by Coxe,Allen;
  2. Encyclop.of Pure Mat.Med,X, 47, Hering;
  3. Guiding Symptoms, X,362,


Preparation

Mother Tincture,                Drug strength 1/

  • Urtica Urens in coarse Powder       100 g
  • Purified Water                                    500 ml
  • Strong Alcohol                                    537 ml

             To make one liter of the Mother Tincture.


Prescribed dose

Tincture and lower potencies.

LanguageSynonym
German Brennessel
English Dwarf Nettle
French Ortie Grieche
English Stinging Nettle
Botanical Urtica Urens Linn.
Specification
Part Whole Plant

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Urtica Urens

  • Origin: Eurasia
  • Product Code: Small Nettle
  • Availability: 15 - 20 Days
  • Rs.2,040.00


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Tags: agalactia and lithiasis. Profuse discharge from mucous surfaces. Enuresis and urticaria. Spleen affections. Antidotes ill-effects of eating shellfish. symptoms return at the same time every year. Gout and uric acid diathesis. Favours elimination. Rheumatism associated with urticaria-like eruptions. Neuritis.